This is a combined drug. The combination of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim provides high efficacy against gram-positive and gram-negative microorganisms, including those resistant to sulfanilamide drugs.
Cases of usage
It is used to treat acute infections of both the upper and lower respiratory tract (pneumonia, upper respiratory tract infections), otitis media in children, and is also effective in treating kidney, urinary tract, genital, gastrointestinal, typhoid, paratyphoid, meningitis diseases, skin, and soft tissue infections.
Determination of dosage
Bactrim is rapidly absorbed when taken orally. The maximum concentration in the blood is noted after 1-3 hours and lasts for 7 hours. Before prescribing a drug to a patient, it is advisable to determine the sensitivity of the microflora to it that caused the disease in the patient. The drug is taken orally after a meal (in the morning and in the evening). Doses are set depending on the age of the child.
Usually, Bactrim is well tolerated by patients at recommended doses. Side effects, if they appear, are usually rather weak. In particular, nausea, stomatitis, diarrhea, and also single cases of hepatitis were occasionally observed. In addition, apathy, depression, tremor, bronchospasm, gastritis, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, polyuria, renal dysfunction, hypoglycemia, as well as allergic reactions such as itching, rashes, which disappeared immediately after discontinuation of the drug, sometimes developed.
The main symptoms are nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, vertigo, dizziness, visual disturbances, severe reactions from the urinary system - crystalluria, hematuria, and anuria. Symptoms of chronic overdose are changes in the blood picture. In the case of the indicated symptoms, treatment with Bactrim should be immediately stopped and symptomatic treatment should be prescribed.